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The oblast center of Kyzylorda oblast is Kyzylorda city.

The oblast is administratively divided into 7 regions and the city of oblast submission of Kyzylorda.

In the field of the 265th settlement and the village, 145 rural and villages.

 


The list of regions from the West to the east:

The Aral region, the center — the Aral city

The Kazaly region, the center — the settlement of city type Aiteke-Bi

The Karmakshy region, the center — Zhosaly (Dzhusaly) village

The Zhalagash region, the center — the village Zhalagash (Dzhalagash)

The Syrdarya region, the center — the village Terenozek

The Shiely region, the center — Shiely village

The Zhanakorgan region, the center — Zhanakorgan (Yanykurgan) village

Main indicators

Name of regions, cities

The oblast / regional center

Territory, thousand sq.km.

Quantity of rural and settlement settlements

Distance to the Kyzylorda city, km.

Quantity of rural and settlement districts

Kyzylorda city

Kyzylorda city

2,4

20

-

9

Baikonur city

Baikonur city

-

-

255

-

Aral region

Aral region

55,2

57

448

23

Zhalagash region

Zhalagash village

22,9

18

75

15

Zhanakorgan region

Zhanakorgan village

15,4

39

200

26

Kazaly region

Aiteke bi village

37,6

45

382

20

Karmakshy region

Zhosaly village

31,0

29

185

14

Syrdarya region

Terenozek village

29,1

17

52

15

Shiely region

Shiely village

32,4

40

>128

23

The oblast

 

226,0

265

 

145


Process of an urbanization of the oblast has much in common with similar processes in other regions of Kazakhstan which main lines were created at the time of a planned economy and industrial principles of spatial development. Owing to rich history of settling of the territory of the oblast which totals some millennia, the urbanization of the oblast has also the specific features which are also necessary for considering at its social and economic development.

Kyzylorda – the administrative, social and economic, scientific, educational and cultural center of the oblast. This city differs a functional variety of economy, in the multilateral potential, a favorable economical geographical position. The combination of all these qualities does to Kyzylorda by the locomotive of development and the generator of innovations of whole oblast.

The Baikonur city, which territory is surrounded with the territory of the Karmakshy region isn't a part of Kyzylorda oblast and it is the city of republican submission. The territory of Baikonur is in long-term rent at the Russian Federation. The Russian legislation acts on the territory of the city, the Russian currency is used.

Other cities of the oblast didn't reach a populous of the large cities, and urbanistic concentration received a peculiar expression in these cities.

The highly specialized cities have, as a rule, one branch ( Kazaly processing of agricultural products, Aral – processing of fish). Narrow specialization says that the cities  had no possibility to develop other functions, didn't realize the potential put in them.

To monofunctional structure of the small city there corresponds, as a rule, simple planning structure: one industrial or agroindustrial zone. The city both outwardly and in essence looks the annex to the enterprise. The city infrastructure is poorly developed, rural lines which are shown in planning of objects of construction, architecture and a population way of life in this regard are strongly expressed. In the oblast there are 2 such cities with population from 3 to 30 thousand people everyone.

The oblast traditionally differs from other regions of Kazakhstan that the most part of the population lives in rural areas.

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Date created: 03-09-2012 12:08
Updated date: 30-11-2018 15:43
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